bailiff


bailiff
A court officer or attendant who has charge of a court session in the matter of keeping order, custody of the jury, and custody of prisoners while in the court. One to whom some authority, care, guardianship, or jurisdiction is delivered, committed, or intrusted. One who is deputed or appointed to take charge of another's affairs; an overseer or superintendent; a keeper, protector, or guardian; a steward. A person acting in a ministerial capacity who has by delivery the custody and administration of lands or goods for the benefit of the owner or bailor, and is liable to render an account thereof
@ bailiff-errant
A bailiffs deputy
@ bailiffs of franchises
In old English law, officers who performed the duties of sheriffs within liberties or privileged jurisdictions, in which formerly the king's writ could not be executed by the sheriff
@ bailiffs of hundreds
In old English law, officers appointed over hundreds, by the sheriffs, to collect fines therein, and summon juries; to attend the judges and justices at the assises and quarter sessions; and also to execute writs and process in the several hundreds. 1 Bl.Comm. 345
@ bailiffs of manors
In old English law, stewards or agents appointed by the lord (generally by an authority under seal) to superintend the manor, collect fines, and quit rents, inspect the buildings, order repairs, cut down trees, impound cattle trespassing, take an account of wastes, spoils, and misdemeanors in the woods and demesne lands, and do other acts for the lord's interest.
@ high bailiff
An officer formerly attached to an English county court. His duties were to attend the court when sitting; to serve summonses; and to execute orders, warrants, writs, etc. He also had similar duties under the bankruptcy jurisdiction of the county courts.
@ special bailiff
A deputy sheriff, appointed at the request of a party to a suit, for the special purpose of serving or executing some writ or process in such suit
@

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • bailiff — bai·liff / bā ləf/ n [Anglo French, steward, king s official, from bail stewardship, custody, handing over see bail]: an officer of some courts in the U.S. whose duties usu. include keeping order in the courtroom and guarding prisoners or jurors… …   Law dictionary

  • Bailiff — Bail iff (b[=a]l [i^]f), n. [OF. baillif, F. bailli, custodian, magistrate, fr. L. bajulus porter. See {Bail} to deliver.] [1913 Webster] 1. Originally, a person put in charge of something; especially, a chief officer, magistrate, or keeper, as… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • bailiff — bai‧liff [ˈbeɪlɪf] noun [countable] LAW 1. an official of the legal system who has the right to take the goods or property of a person or organization in debt, in order to pay off the debts: • If the fines remain unpaid, bailiffs can enter your… …   Financial and business terms

  • Bailiff — (engl., spr. bēlif), s. Bailli …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bailiff — (engl., spr. behliff), eigentlich Geschäftsträger; am gebräuchlichsten für den mit der Zwangsvollstreckung gerichtlicher Urteile betrauten Beamten …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • bailiff — A person, appointed under provincial legislation, who will act or assist any other person to repossess, cease or distrain pursuant to conditions set out in various Acts (Ontario Bankruptcy Dictionary) A person who, in British Columbia, is… …   Glossary of Bankruptcy

  • bailiff — mid 13c., from O.Fr. baillif (12c., nom. baillis) administrative official, deputy, from V.L. *bajulivus official in charge of a castle, from L. bajulus porter, of unknown origin. Used in M.E. of a public administrator of a district, a chief… …   Etymology dictionary

  • bailiff — ► NOUN 1) chiefly Brit. a sheriff s officer who serves writs, seizes property to clear rent arrears, and carries out arrests. 2) Brit. the agent of a landlord. ORIGIN Old French baillif, from Latin bajulus carrier, manager …   English terms dictionary

  • bailiff — [bā′lif] n. [ME bailif < OFr bailif < baillier, to govern, keep in custody: see BAIL1] 1. a deputy sheriff who serves processes, etc. 2. a court officer who guards the jurors, maintains order in the courtroom, etc. 3. in England, an… …   English World dictionary

  • Bailiff — Not to be confused with Baillie. For Farm bailiff, see Estate agent. A bailiff (from Late Latin baiulivus, adjectival form of baiulus) is a governor or custodian (cf. bail); a legal officer to whom some degree of authority, care or jurisdiction… …   Wikipedia

  • bailiff — noun 1 (BrE) law officer who serves writs, seizes property, etc. ADJECTIVE ▪ court ▪ private VERB + BAILIFF ▪ send in ▪ Their landlord has threatened to send in the bailiffs if they don t pay their rent …   Collocations dictionary